The Besov Nos Cape

Regions: Karelia, Vologda and Yaroslavl regions.
Duration: 5 day (total length of the route – 1900).
Type of the tour: expeditionary tour, jeep-tour, combined tour.

Day 1: Pereyaslavl & Rostov
~ 280 kilometers

The town with such a loud and at the same time romantic name has unordinary fate destiny. It is about eight with the half centuries years old. And during its history Pereyaslavl-Zalessky has experienced the glory and the bitterness of losses for several times. Vivid and at the same time long-suffering history of Russian folk has reflected in its history. Today it is a tidy, calm, attractive ancient Russian town with picturesque sceneries, orthodox churches and old wooden houses. True brilliant of the Golden Ring.

The Rostov Kremlin (also known as Bishop’s chambers) is the main Rostov’s point of interest. It was built in the XVII century. The Kremlin served as the residence for bishops of Rostov-Yaroslavl diocese that’s why it was called Bishop’s chambers. It is separated from the town by high walls with eleven towers. The Rostov Kremlin is the grand residence so it is not adopted for defense and its walls define the boundaries of the diosese. There are two entrances to the Kremlin: you can get inside through the gates decorated with gatehouse-church of St. John the Evangelist or through five-domed Church of the Resurrection from the North side.

Program:
●  The expedition starts in Moscow at 8:00
●  Pereyaslavl-Zalessky from 10.00 till 13.00
●  Visit of Pereyaslavl Zalessky state historical-architectural and art Museum-reserve
●  Rostov Veliky from 14.00 till 17.00. Visit of state museum-reserve the Rostov Kremlin
●  Dinner
●  Yaroslavl. Arrival to the city: about 19.30, check into a hotel
●  Supper

Day 2: Yaroslavl & Vologda
~ 320 kilometers

In Yaroslavl one of the most famous points of interest is Holy Transfiguration Monastery with the museum-reserve. The monastery was built in the XII century to protect the town. It is surrounded by stone walls and in the XVI century there was a state treasury. It is the Holy Transfiguration Monastery from which people’s volunteer corps under command of Minin and Pozharsky moved to Moscow to fight with Polish invaders.

Vologda is famous for its Kremlin. Its construction began Ivan IV the Terrible in 1565. He planned to build the Kremlin with an area more than 12 times larger than the territory of the Moscow Kremlin. Construction was slow that’s why the building are of different styles. The Vologda Kremlin has never participated in hostilities and serves as residence of the Archbishop of Vologda.

Program:
●  Breakfast: 8.00-9.00.
●  Visit of the Yaroslavl Kremlin, state historical-architectural and art Museum-reserve: 9.30-11.00.
●  Vologda: 13.00 – 14.30. Visit of the Vologda Kremlin.
●  Dinner 15.00 – 16.00.
●  Departure to Kirillov.
●  Setting of the camp, overnight in tents: 19.00.
●  Supper.

Day 3: Kirillov & Vytegra
~ 270 kilometers

Majestic walls and tower of the one of the largest and richest monasteries of Russia are seen even at the entrances of Kirillov. To get around the whole monastery you need walk several kilometers, pass several buildings, stairs, come down to dusk of basement and go up to one of the towers in order to enjoy panoramic sights. In the space of 12 hectares is located a stone city, almost intact preserved from the time of the Moscow Russia.

In the centre of Vytegra there is a wooden sluice which preserved from 1810 when the rivers Vytegra and Kovzha were connected. Near the sluice there is a museum of waterways of the North. Also in Vytegra you can get inside the submarine B-440 as nowadays it serves as a museum.

Program:
●  Breakfast 8.00 – 9.30.
●  Kirillov. Visit of Kirill-Belozersky monastery.
●  Vytegra. Visit of the Church of Purification, submarine B-440, sluice #1: 14.00 – 16.00.
●  Dinner.
●  Departure to Andoma Mountain.
● Installation of camp, overnight on the shore of lake Onega.

Day 4: Onega Lake
~ 130 kilometers

Onega Lake is the second largest lake in Europe after Ladoga. In Onega flow about 50 rivers and flows out only one river – Svir. Coast of Onega in the north is rugged and rocky and there is a low, softer coastline, covered with taiga forests in the south. Storms are frequent here. This lake, full of secrets and ancient mysteries is one of the most interesting places of this region.

There are about 1,650 islands on the lake. They include Kizhi, which hosts a historical complex of 89 orthodox wooden churches and other wooden constructions of 15th-20th centuries. The complex includes a UNESCO World Heritage site Kizhi Pogost. Eastern shores of the lake contain about 1200 petroglyphs (rock engravings) dated to 4th-2nd millennia BC.

Program:
●  Breakfast: 8.00-9.30.
●  Departure to village Shalsky.
●  By boats we go to the main goal of our trip – to the cape Besov Nos (Imp’s snout).
●  Arrival to Besov Nos: 12.00.
●  Search for petroglyphs, lection.
●  Dinner.
●  Free time.
●  Installation of camp.
●  Supper.

Day 5: cape Imp`s snout

Besov Nos (rus: «Imp`s snout») cape is one of sacred places for nations who once lived on the shores of Onega Lake. Besov Nos is a sanctuary of ancient tribes of Fennoscandia. Here they worshiped and made sacrifices to their gods. Even these days the place impresses greatly people who visit it and they are attracted back again and again. It is famous for its petroglyphs. The one standing out is an anthropomorphic statue which is called «Bes» (rus: «The Imp») 2.30 meters long. The collection of petroglyphs at Besov Nos is one of the largest in the world. About 200 meters to the west from the cape there is a rocky island called «Besikha» (literally: «She-imp»). There is an abandoned lighthouse and abandoned village Besonosovka which extincted in 1960s. Peri-nos cape is more to the north from here and to the south there is Kladovets cape.

Program:
●  Breakfast.
●  Free time, fishing, boating.
●  Continue of the searches for petroglyphs.
●  Supper.

Day 6: Way home
~ 900 kilometers

●  Breakfast: 7.00-8.00.
●  Departure to Shalsky by boats 8.00-10.00.
●  Departure to Moscow: 10.00.
●  Dinner: 15-17.00.
●  Arrival to Moscow: about 2 a.m.

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